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VP8 is a video compression format developed by On2 Technologies released in 2008. It was later released as a royalty free codec in 2010 by Google. Its efficiency is competitive with AVC. VP8 was a significant player in the royalty-free codec space and was used in various applications like web video delivery. It is the precursor to VP9 & AV1, which both further improve video compression efficiency. VP8 has faced criticism for having a messy specification that many considered to be incomplete.